Did you know that a whopping one-third of all international trade value is transported by air? That’s an incredible $6 trillion worth of goods flying across the globe every year! One of the biggest advantages of air transportation is its speed, which gives shippers an advantage to quickly deliver time-critical shipments worldwide. Thanks to international air freight, businesses can swiftly react to stock shortages or sudden spikes in demand, no matter where they need to be.
Navigating the intricate world of air freight can be a challenge for shippers to take on. That’s why I’ve put together a list of ten things you need to know about international air freight that will help make your shipping experience a breeze. Let’s dive in!
1. Faster Transit Time
Transporting cargo via air transportation can drastically cut transit timeframes. Typical transit times for air cargo is 1-2 days for priority air shipments and 5-6 days for economy air service. Please note, this estimate does not include the lead time associated with preliminary quoting, clearing export customs in the origin country, import customs clearance or inland delivery.
2. Commercial Documentation
To clear U.S. Customs on inbound air freight, mandatory documentation includes:
Additionally, some commodities require further paperwork. Ex: Textile Documentation, Aquatics Certificates or a Country-of-Origin Declaration.
3. Rate Calculations
International air freight is priced per kilogram or dimensional weight (whichever value is greater). Dimensional weight is assessed when the cargo takes up a larger space. Additionally, most air transportation rates are valid for only a few days due to the dynamic nature of the market.
4. Inland Transportation
Some shipments may require an Immediate Transportation Entry (IT) number to enable the cargo to travel in-bond to a final destination port, if different than the arrival port. The IT must be filed at the first port of arrival and the party transporting or holding the goods must be bonded.
5. Commodity Restrictions
Certain commodities are not permitted to travel via air freight or are heavily restricted. For example, some hazardous materials are not permitted to fly on passenger flights but are permitted on cargo-only flights.
6. Customs Entry Procedures
Once the international air freight has left on a conveyance bound for the first airport in the U.S., the Licensed Customs Broker can submit the customs entry to clear the shipment. This pre-customs clearance is often called “wheels up.”
7. Warehouse Charges
Every air import shipment will enter a warehouse before it is available for delivery. The warehouse or handling agent will also assess a handling fee before pick-up is available by a trucker. This is typically referred to as the Terminal Fee.
8. Bond Compliance
As with ocean import shipments, the importer must have a single entry or continuous bond on file to import cargo into the United States successfully.
9. Filing and Reporting Requirements
Filing AES is mandatory on every export shipment valued over $2,500, or if the commodity requires an export license. Unlike ocean import shipments, Importer Security Filings (ISF-10) submission is NOT required on air import shipments. It is possible that in the future, ISF will be a requirement for air import cargo.
10. Cargo Insurance
As always, it is imperative to secure cargo insurance on any shipment. Cargo insurance protects shippers’ financial investments from natural disasters, theft, fire, damage or mishandling by carriers.
The world of air freight can be a complex one, but understanding its key aspects is crucial for shippers looking to leverage its advantages. By considering factors such as transit time, documentation requirements, rate calculations, customs procedures and cargo insurance, shippers can navigate the intricacies of international air freight with confidence.
Interested in partnering with our incredible team of experts at Ascent to oversee your international air shipments? We’re here to ensure a smooth and efficient shipping experience that keeps your business soaring above the competition. Learn more about our International Air Freight solutions here: https://ascentlogistics.com/forwarding/air-freight-forwarding/